Ramayana is one of the epic poems of India. The Mahabharata has laid down the principles of a huge stream of work flowing outside of family life and Ramayana has stated the great life style of family life.
As soon as the house is the ashram, the ideal of relationship between each member of this ashram can be great and beautiful, it is known in the Ramayana text.
In fact, it is the Ramayana that has come to be regarded as the ideal of the Indian family.
Ramayana story has been controlling family life in India for ages. This is the excellence of this epic. There is no comparison in the history of literature in the world.
Sage Balmiki is simultaneously the notable character of this epic as well as the protagonist and author. Surprisingly his life-story.
People mix good, evil, good and evil. But Balmiki’s life is a perfect example of how good sense can radically change a person’s life. In his early life he was a murderous bandit — bandit Ratnakar. This bandit became Rishi Balmiki one day.
In ancient times there was a Brahmin named Sumati. The name of the only son of this devout Brahmin was Ratnakar.
Although a Brahmin, Ratnakar was devout in Devadvija. He had no interest in Brahmanical rituals and scriptures. After all, he was a disobedient child of his parents. So his father had to bear all the responsibilities of the family.
Where Sumati lived, there was a great famine. As the family’s upbringing became difficult, Sumati said he would live elsewhere with his wife and son, he left home.
Once they traveled through different countries, they came to a deep forest. Brahmin Sumati built a hut and started living there.
By that time he was old. He has become powerless even in work. As a result, the food supply of three people in the world (family) was hampered.
Where is his ability to run the family by earning Ratnakar? He was uneducated, so he was forced to accept banditry. The path of the passers-by through that forest. Ratnakar is on that path all day Sit on the edge. Whenever a passenger appears on the way to the forest, he loots everything Killed later.
Ratnakar continued to support his elderly parents in this way.
A long day passed like this. The horror of the bandit Ratnakar spread all over the country outside the jungle.
At this time, realizing the good of the world, God of Gods (Bidhatapurush) chose the bandit Ratnakar. He wanted to embody its great ideal.
One day, under the direction of God, the Saptarshis made a pilgrimage through the forest of Ratnakar in disguise.
The robber was hiding behind the bushes. As soon as the pilgrims approached, he shouted and stood in front of them. He said, “Take out whatever you have with you.” And one last time, pray to God like. I will kill you.
Anyone who meets Ratnakar once in this way can never return with his life.
Rishi Atri, the sage among the swordsmen, then said, “O robber (Ratnakar), listen to me before you kill me.”
We went on a pilgrimage. Wealth is little with us. Why do you want to commit the sin of killing a sage for this little money? Ratnakar said with a cruel smile, “Sage, I am not afraid of sin.” Because I did not take the robbery for myself.
Atri wanted to know, but for whom?
Ratnakar said, “I kill the passers-by and plunder the wealth of the elderly parents and the wife and son.” So they will accept the sin of this deed.
Atri laughed and said, “You fool, you are the only one responsible for what you are doing.” No one else in the world will share your sin.
On hearing this, Ratnakar When he protested, Atri again said, “You tie us to a tree and go to your house.” There, ask your parents, wife and son, if they are willing to share your sin.
Although Ratnakar was a bandit, he was the son of a pious Brahmin. Though he did not have a mind for “Religious Meditation or Religious Practices”, the thoughts of religious work result and the fear of sin were subtly present in his mind.
He was worried. Later the sages tied him to a tree and hurried home Went back.
At first he went to his old father. Wanted to know, Father, I am feeding you by banditry. Will you share in my sin of robbery?
Listening to his son’s words, old Sumati said, “Son, it is the duty of every son to support his old father.” You are my son I can take service from you. But I cannot accept your sin.
Ratnakar was upset when he heard his father’s words. This time he went to his wife. He got the same answer there.
After asking the mother and the son, he found out that none of them were willing to accept his sin.
This time the heart of the robber Ratnakar was opened. He saw that he was in the world Alone.
None of those who continue to sin day after day for the sake of providing food for their mouths are willing to accept responsibility for their sins. There is no one like him in the world.
Ratnakar left the house at that moment. He ran to the sages under the tree. After untying them, he fell at the feet of Sage Atri and longed to know the way to get rid of his sins.
The Maharshi reassured him, saying that only in the name of Holy Rama can your sins be removed.
He then advised Ratnakar to chant the name of Rama with concentration. The sages went on their way. Ratnakar sat down to chant the name of Ram. His heart ached for fear of sin. Today he has become desperate for self-purification.
Then day after day passed. Ratnakar is sitting on the tree floor, forgetting his hunger and thirst and is immersed in a way. The name of the holy Rama is being uttered breathlessly.
Once weeds grew around Ratnakar. The whole body was covered with earthworms.
Ratnakar’s body during the long period of austere endeavour (sadhana) after receiving mantra initiation from sage Atri. His name is Balmiki because he was covered with earthworms. He became a great sage by chanting the name of Rama and gaining enlightenment.
Like the Balmik lining, all the identities of the brutal bandits were dropped and a new identity of Ratnakar was introduced.
Sage Balmiki established an ashram on the banks of the river Tamasa. Like other sages, he is also an ashram dweller. Sage Bharadwaj was his disciple.
One day Devarshi Narad came to religious talk to Balmiki. At that time Balmiki asked him, O Devarshi, no news of the whole Universe (Tribhuvan) is invisible to you, please tell me who is the virtuous, pious, truthful ideal man in the world recently.
Devarshi Narad said, O sage, the character you want to know about the best man with many qualities is rare today. However, Rama, the son of Dasaratha of the Ikshabaku dynasty, is now on earth. I’m telling you his story.
Then Narad narrated the life story of Raja Ramchandra of Ayodhya. King Ramchandra was almost a contemporary of sage Balmiki. The Ganges is south of his capital Ayodhya. Huge forests along the banks of the Ganges. In the middle of that forest darkness has flowed through mind blowing sound (Kulukulu). This is the beautiful ashram of sage on the shores of Tamasa.
Narrated by Ramcharita, Narad left for Paradise (Devlok) and Balmiki went to bathe in the river Tamasa. The sweetness of Ramcharitra is all over his mind. Disciple Bharadwaj walked with sage cloth (made in fiver of big tree, the Balkal).
While they were walking towards the river through the dense forest path, a pair of Saras bird (crouch or conch bock) was happily wandering in the branches of the tree.
A hunter saw the Saras bird from behind the forest and shot it. The bird fell to the ground and began to squirm in agony. The female Saras bird (Cronchi) saw his partner’s condition and started shouting in a sad voice.
Seeing this scene, simultaneous anger and pity rose in Balmiki’s heart. Rhythmic language came out of his mouth unknowingly at that moment with the mouth of the sage obsessed with the pain of the mourning female Saras bird (Cronchi):
Ma Nishad! Pratisthan Tamagama: Shaswati Sama:
Yat Kraunchamithunadekambadhi: Kammohitam.
O hunter, for this heinous act you will be forever condemned in the society. Balmiki was surprised to hear his own words. How could he recite such a rhythmic mourning song? The astonished sage disciple then said to Bharadwaj, O Bharadwaj, this rhythmic melodious utterance which came out of my mouth is emanating from mourning, therefore it will be known as this verse (sloka).
The original verse is this rhythmic melody uttered by sage Balmiki. Balmiki is said to be the original poet who wrote the story of Rama in these verses.
While Balmiki was talking to disciple Bharadwaj, the Lord Brahma appeared there. He said to Balmiki, O sage, this verse came out of your mouth by my will today. Publicity the biography of Rama (Ramjivani) that you have heard from the Narad in verse.
At the command of Lord Brahma, Balmiki then sat down to write the biography of Rama (Ramakahini). The story is written in about twenty-four thousand verses. That is why it became known as epic, “Ramayana”.