Charankabi Mukundas of Bengal was born in Banari village of Dhaka. Father’s name is Gurudayal Dey. His paternal name was Yajneshwar.
Gurudayal worked for a deputy in Barisal
in court He had to stay in Barisal due to work.
Later the family came and lived here.
Mukundas started his childhood schooling here.
There was a lack of prosperity in the family. So the school
Reading did not go far. As a result, he started working in his father’s grocery store since his teenage years.
Since childhood, he was independent and very daring. The song had a voice. sweet He could sing by listening.
Barisal’s then Naib Vireshwar Gupta conducted a kirtan group. Mukund joined that kirtandal at the age of 19. Later he formed a team.
During various Pujaparbans, Kirtan teams had to go to different places in Barisal. In this way many kirtaniya groups are contacted. He used to pick songs from other kirtaniyas as he liked. Later these elements were included in his compilation book called Kirtan Sangeet.
Mukunda Das was initiated into Vaishnavism in 1902 AD by a selfless saint named Ramananda or Haribolananda. After initiation he was named Mukunda Das. Later he became nationally known by this name.
Mukunda Das was inspired by the swadesh mantra after coming in contact with Manasvi Ashwinikumar Dutta, known as the uncrowned emperor of Barisal. It was on his inspiration that Mukunda became a servant. Charankabi of Bengal.
There was no sectarian bigotry in him. Just as he did not accept the distinction between Vaishnava and Shakta, he also never made a distinction between temples and mosques. This sentiment was expressed in his sadhana songs.
Mukunda Das himself used to compose jatrapalas and songs. He used to add melody to the song himself. He also used to sing songs by Manomohan Chakraborty, Hemchandra Mukhopadhyay and Ashwinikumar Dutta. Once Barisal started writing in Hitaishi newspaper.
Mukund Das’ team’s Jatra song became so popular that he used to travel all over Barisal singing it. At that time, various national leaders and Rabindranath himself were impressed by his music. His Matri Puja Yatrapala inspired the youth to patriotism.
Mukunda Das took a special role in the Swadeshi movement, especially the foreign boycott movement. Banganari Reshmichuri Ar Paro Naa His song once created a frenzy in the villages of Bengal.
After being initiated into swadesh mantra by Ashwinikumar, Mukunda Das used to go from village to village singing patriotic songs and performing swadeshi jatra dances. As a result, he fell under the wrath of the British government in Barisal. He was arrested once in 1908 AD. Later released on bail.
He was fined for the song ‘Chilli Dhan Gola Bhara, Shwetindoore Karol Sara’ from Matripuja song collection. Three years imprisonment also has to be served. Mukunda Das participated in India’s independence movement with his music and journey. Through his songs, he inspired the people with patriotism.
Through this source he also came in contact with Deshbandhu Chittaranjan and Subhash Chandra. The people of Bengal respectfully called him Charankabi. He received 700 medals and many awards throughout his life by singing.
Notable works of Mukunda Das are Sadhana Sangeet, Palliseva, Brahmacharini, Patha, Sathi, Samaj, Karkshetra etc.
On April 18, 1934, Mukund Das, the son of a Bengali mother, passed away.
Atul Prasad Sen
In the field of Bengali music, Atul Prasad Sen is one whose name is reverently remembered along with Ramprasad, Rabindranath, Nazrul Islam and Dwijendralal. He introduced a distinctive style of music in Bengali music, popularly known as Atul Prasadi Sur.
Atul Prasad was born on October 20, 1871 in Dhaka, now Bangladesh. His father’s name is Ramprasad Sen. Their original residence was Magra in Faridpur.
Being fatherless at a young age, he was brought up with the love and care of his maternal grandfather Kalarayan Gupta. Bhagavad-bhakt Kalarayana became famous for composing devotional songs. He himself was a singer. All his qualities were transmitted in Dauhitra and later became fruitful.
Atulprasad passed the entrance examination in 1890 AD. Later, he studied at Calcutta Presidency College and went abroad to study barrister.
1894 AD After returning from India, he started practicing law first in Calcutta and later in Rangpur.
Settled in Lucknow as a young man and settled permanently there, taking up legal practice. In course of time he made a lot of money in law business and established himself as the best lawyer in Lucknow. He became the president of Audbar Association and Audbar Council.
Atul Prasad got involved in the culture and social life of Lucknow city and benefited the society in various ways. His house became the meeting place of Saraswat Mandali in the city.
He spent most of his earnings on local public service. Later, the philanthropist donated his book ownership and residence to various organizations. He achieved such fame and popularity during his lifetime that the townspeople reverently recognized his talent and talent by naming the street where he resided after him. It is a rare event to receive such an honor during one’s lifetime.
Music was the comfort of Atulprasad’s soul. He used to arrange the melody in his own songs. He introduced his own style of music by mixing the tunes and tunes of Hindustani music with the tunes of Bengali baul and kirtan. That is the well-known Atulprasadi music style.
The songs composed by Atul Prasad can be mainly divided into three categories. They are Swadeshi music, devotional songs and love songs. His Swadeshi songs deeply influenced the Swadeshi movement. The contribution of his songs like Ut Go Bharatalakshmi, Bol Bol Bol Sabe Shatabina Venurbe, A-Mori Bangla Bhasha’, etc., in the awakening of national consciousness is immense.
He composed about two hundred songs throughout his life. His songs are collected. In the collection of ‘Koyakti Gan’ and ‘Gitigunj’. Publish notation of all songs. In the book called Kakali.
Atul Prasad was one of the main organizers of the Expatriate Bengali Literature Conference. He was one of the editors of Uttara, the mouthpiece of the conference. He became the president of the Kanpur and Gorakhpur sessions of the conference. He was also once associated with Congress politics.
He passed away on 26th August 1934 AD.
One of the well-known patriotic songs of Atul Prasad, one of the most memorable talents of the Bengali music world—
Hao dharomete dhir
Hao karomete bir
Hao unnato shir, nahi bhoi.
Bhuli bhedabhed gyan
Hao sabe aguyan,
Sathe achen bhagoban, hobe joy.
Nana bhasa, nana mat, nana paridhan,
Bibidher majhe dhekho milon mohan,
Dhekhiya bharote mahajatir utthan
Janagan manibe viswmay.
Janagan manibe viswmay.
(Be slow in action, be brave in action
Be wise, not afraid.
be just ahead
God is with you, there will be victory.
Different languages, different opinions, different clothes, see the union between different things, see the rise of a great nation in India.
The world will be amazed.
The world will be amazed.)