Dakshinaranjan Mitra Majumdar

Dakshinaranjan Mitra Majumdar


Dakshinaranjan, known as the magician of fairy tales in Bengali children’s literature, was born in a noble family in Ulail village of Dhaka. His father’s name is Ramdaranjan Mitra Majumdar.


After completing his schooling in the village, he moved to Murshidabad where his father worked. While living here, he started writing articles for Pradeep and Bangiya Sahitya Parishad newspapers. Later with friends


Also published a magazine called Sudha. After five years in Murshidabad, Dakshinaranjan moved to Mymensingh. Here was his mother-in-law’s house. Dakshinaranjan was responsible for overseeing his vast zamindari.


The opportunity to get closer to the rural nature and the common people of the village is only through the opportunity of zamindari work. His interest was born in the simple words and tunes of folk tales, rhyming songs etc. prevalent in Bengal’s rural Palligram.


He noticed that all the stories that are passed around by people’s mouths are so attractive that every evening, sitting around the old people from house to house, everyone enjoys the fairy tales like enchanted. These are folk literature there is no written form. Along with people, those stories are also lost in the flow of time.


Dakshinaranjan was inspired to collect the extinct folk literature of Bengal. He traveled for ten years collecting and researching folk literature. His collection is divided into four parts. They are Rupakatha, Gitikavya, Rasakatha and Vratakatha. All these are the lost literature of the rural areas of East Bengal.


On the advice of Dinesh Chandra Sen, Dakshinaranjan perpetuated these stories under various names. The fairy tales take place in grandmother’s book. Lyrics are written in Thakurdar Jhuli, Rasakatha is in Dadamshay’s Thale book and Thandidi’s Thale is written with traditional Vratakatha. Those first Bengali folk tales were published in book form and gained immense popularity among people of all walks of life.


Dakshinaranjan enriched Bengali children’s literature by writing other books for children including Charu and Haru, First Boy, Last Boy, Banglar Sonar Boy, Sabuj Ekta, Amar Desh etc.


Dakshinaranjan became associated with the Bengali Science Council. He graced the post of Assistant President of this organization and edited the mouthpiece Path. Later, as the president of the Scientific Terminology Society of the Parishad, he wrote many scientific terms in Bengali.


Dakshinaranjan is remembered for his contribution to children’s literature. Especially for books like Thakurma Jhuli, Thakurda Thale etc. The parables are expressed in such lovely melodious language that their charm is irresistible. He has made his writing more rich and interesting by applying many words and sayings common in village.

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