Dwijendralal Roy

Dwijendralal Roy


Dwijendralal, the famous poet and dramatist of Bengali literature, was born on July 19, 1863 AD in Krishnanagar of Nadia district. His father Kartikeyachandra was the Dewan of the dynasty. He was also famous as a singer and lyricist.


Dwijendralal’s interest in music was born at an early age under the care and companionship of his father. Sukanta learned music from his father and gained fame as a singer at an early age.


Dwijendralal was born with poetic talent. His talent flourished in the proximity of rural nature and the company of his musician father.


The family atmosphere was literary and musical. His two grandfathers, Rajendralal and Harendralal, were noted literary figures. One widow, Mohini Devi, also achieved literary fame. Naturally, Dwijendralal was deeply affected by this environment.


Aryagatha, the first poem written by Dwijendralal, was published in 1882 AD when he was studying in BA class in Hooghly College. 1884 A.D. He passed MA from Presidency College. After that he entered the workplace. While working as a teacher in a local school, Bilat traveled to study agriculture on a government scholarship.

The weekly newspaper was published under the editorship of Dwijendralal’s literary (elder) Agraj’s the flag In this paper, he used to write the story of exile. Dwijelal’s background in country music was quite solid. As a result, he gained proficiency in western music within a short period of time while living abroad. Here he is published a book of poetry called Lyrics India.


Dwijendralal was on the bill for three years. Such was the social orthodoxy at that time


It used to be that if someone went away, he had to come back and atone for the crime of going to a bad country.


As Dwijendralal did not agree to accept this system of the socialists, he had to endure a lot of social harassment. His intense anger at this time is revealed in his book in Ekham.


1886 A.D. Dijendralal had to carry various types of work responsibilities at different times with the government job. Sometimes I had to work as Settlement Officer, sometimes as Deputy Magistrate, sometimes as Chief Inspector of Excise Department, sometimes as Assistant Head of Agricultural Revenue Department.


Being independent by nature, he faced various problems in government jobs had to handle


After retiring from service in 1905 AD, he established the Purnima Conference with educated and culture-loving people. During this time he also joined another organization called Evening Club. He also participated in public performances due to his association with the club.


Dwijendralal also developed friendship with Rabindranath. However, towards the end of his life, the two friends had a disagreement over literary criticism.


A total of twelve books of Dwijendralal were published till 1903 AD. Poetry was mainly the vehicle of his literary practice. Wrote farces, dramas, satires and humorous poems.


After that he devoted himself to drama writing. During his stay abroad, he had the opportunity to watch the performance of famous actors there. He also gained experience in the art of dyeing. This experience was especially helpful for him in the field of drama writing.


The last ten years of his life were mainly devoted to drama writing. He was skilled in composing all kinds of mythological, social and historical dramas. His historical dramas embody the national spirit and the inspiration of patriotism.

Dwijendralal wrote a total of 16 plays. He completed the initiative of publishing a monthly literary magazine called Bharat Varsha. But before the publication of the first issue, he passed away on 17th April 1910 AD.


Dwijendralal created a genre of his own in composing humorous music. He also excelled in composing patriotic music. His music is native


And the mixture of western music can be noticed. Dwijendralal’s notable works include Laughter Song, Chandragupta, Sajahan, The Fall of Meba and Pratapsingh.

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