Girishchandra Ghosh

Girishchandra Ghosh


Famous dramatist, poet, actor, founder of common stage, Girish Chandra was born in Bagbazar, Calcutta on 28th February 1844 AD. Father’s name is Neelkamal Ghosh.


Girishchandra lost his parents at an early age and became a kind of guardian. As a result, most of the study time was spent with friends Chatting and gossiping with. However, he could compose poetry orally as a natural talent. He used to act well in plays together with the neighborhood boys.


Education started at Paikpara School. But he could not go far because of his restless nature. Failed in 1862 AD entrance exam. At the age of twenty, Atkinson worked as a book-keeper for the Tilcon Company

He started his career with At this time Desi and encouraged by friend Brajbihari Som


He developed an interest in reading foreign literature and studied extensively. He was attracted to music and acting due to being associated with the half-academy singing group for some time in his youth. At that time, he formed a theater group with some friends in Bagbazar.


1867 AD Madhusudan’s Sharmishtha Natak was staged at the request of this group. Girishchandra composed the music for this play. In this way, the best poets and playwrights of the future appeared in the theater world.


1868 A.D. Bagbazar Dal performed the Ekadashi of Deenbandhu Mitra. On the night of Saptami Puja, the performance was staged at Pranakrishna Haldar’s house in Bagbazar. Girishchandra won acclaim for his role as Nimchad in this drama.

The name of this theater organization later became National Theatre. 1872 AD in the month of December

The first professional theater was established under the leadership of Girish Chandra.


He was the first to establish drama as a smooth art in this country. He introduced a special style in acting called his acting talent. Girishchandra was a rare combination of talent as a poet and dramatist.

Girishchandra left the association of National Theater over the issue of ticket sales in Abhinaya Rajini. Sometime later, when the Great National Theater was established, Girishchandra joined it and performed unpaid.


Later he was appointed manager in this company with a salary of one hundred rupees. From this time he started writing plays regularly. His first original play, Aghumi, was staged at the Great National in 1877 AD.


Later in his life, Girishchandra worked as director in Rangshalas like Star, Emerald, Minerva, Classic, Kohinoor etc. Later, in 1908 AD he assumed the post of Principal of Minerva Theater and held this post till his death.


Tagore came to Sri Ramakrishna Star Theater on 20th September 1884 AD to see a performance of Chaitanya Lila by Girishchandra and blessed Binodini Dasi, the actress who played Chaitanya.


It was from this time that changes began in the life of self-willed Girishchandra. Eventually he gained the favor of Ramakrishnadeva and got Swami Vivekananda as a friend. Girishchandra consolidated his reckless life by coming into contact with the Sri Ramakrishna Sangha; Unwavering devotion to Tagore turned his life around.


Tagore’s influence in his life is a strange chapter. This is reflected in his mythological and devotional plays. Caitanya Leela and Bilbamangala are identified as dramas of Girishchandra’s ideal Bhaktiras. The main moral ideals of Indian mythology such as Bhakti Nishta etc. have been very skillfully portrayed in Puranic devotional dramas.


Although Girishchandra was a mythological dramatist of the early 20th century, he also wrote a few historical dramas with contemporary political and cultural sensibilities. Sirajddaula, Meerkashim, Chhatrapati Shivaji, Ashoka, Satnam etc. are his historical dramas.


Girishchandra’s complete plays number about fifty. The number of farces, allegories, ballads etc. is also almost the same. Despite being busy with acting, theater directing, acting education etc., the hundreds of dramas he composed proves his outstanding talent.


Girishchandra used a novel rhythm like Amitrakshara in his mythological dramas. This rhythm is recognized as Gairish Chand after him. He composed most of his plays according to the needs of the stage and the talent of the playwrights.

Apart from the Bengali translation of Shakespeare’s Macbeth, Sarthak donated Bankimchandra’s Mrinalini, Bishabriksha, Durgeshanandini’s novels and Madhusudan’s Meghnad Badh and Navinchandra’s war poems of Palashi.

Girishchandra played both Ram and Meghnad in Meghnad Badh Kavya


He admired the Natyamodids of Bengal. He became a living legend during his acting prowess. Girishchandra’s other notable plays Dakshayajna, Pandava’s Agnathavas, Jana,


Pandava Gaurav, Prafulla, Haranidhi, Kalapahar, Abu Hossain etc.

Girishchandra left this world on 8th February 1912 AD.

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