The late Ishwarchandra Vidyasagar was born on September 26, 1820 AD, in Birsingh village of Medinipur district. His father’s name is Thakurdas Bandyopadhyay and mother’s name is Bhagwati Devi. Their family had a reputation for scholarship, but the financial situation was far from prosperous. Ishwarchandra’s childhood and youth were spent in abject poverty.
Due to financial instability, Thakurdas had to leave Birsingh village at an early age to go to Calcutta to earn money. There he was employed as a bookkeeper for a nominal salary. He has honesty, integrity, perseverance and independent spirit
Over time, he was able to establish himself in the society. All these qualities of the father were fully seen in his son Ishwarchandra. Ishwarchandra’s morale was boundless even though he spent his days in abject poverty.
He never neglected his studies in the village school.
After completing his primary education, he came to Calcutta with his father at the end of Bengal 1235. He was nine years old at that time. It is said that he learned the English numbers from one to ten as an extraordinary talent.
Ishwarchandra lived with his father in Bhagwatcharan Singh’s house in Barabazar area of Kolkata. Admitted to Sanskrit College — Third Class in Grammar. Studying with immense diligence and devotion, he excelled in school examinations and received a monthly scholarship of five rupees.
Ishwarchandra’s passion for reading was such that if he could not light the house due to lack of oil, he would read by sitting on the roadside by gas light. He had to carry out his schooling amid such constant hardships.
After completing grammar class, Ishwarchandra started studying in English class. After that he completed his literature class between 1833 AD and 1835 AD. In the literature class, he studied under Kriti teacher Jayagopal Tarkalankar. Took first place in Sanskrit college annual examination.
1835 A.D. Vidyasagar was admitted to the ornamental class. He studied in this class for one year. This time too, he won many prizes for being the first in the examination. After that, he got the title of Vidyasagar by showing extraordinary achievements in Vedanta class and Smriti class respectively.
Ishwarchandra attained great erudition in Cara, Alankara, Vedanta, Smriti, Astrology and Nyayashastra. 1839 AD He passed the Hindu Law Committee examination. His title of Vidyasagar was used before his name in the certificate at the end of the examination.
Vidyasagar married fifteen years later. His wife’s name is Dinmoyi Devi. Career started from 21st December 1841 AD. Appointed as Principal Pandit of Fort William College, Calcutta. It was not possible for Vidyasagar to attain such an important position at such a young age. The secretary of the college D.T. It was made possible by Marshall’s singular efforts and special recommendation. He was employed at Fort William College for five years.
1846 AD Vidyasagar joined Sanskrit College as Assistant Editor. Rasmoy Dutta was the editor of the college at that time. In the same year, Vidyasagar submitted a valuable report to the authorities on the improvement of the educational system. He left the job in July 1848 AD when he had a disagreement with the editor Rasmoy Pond.
Rejoined the work of Fort William College. Editor G.T. In Marshall’s interest, he was first appointed to the position of Head Coroner of the College. A few days later he got the post of professor of literature in 1850 AD. 1856 A.D. When the post of principal of this college became vacant, Vidyasagar was appointed to that post
is appointed This time he got the opportunity to work independently. Focused on improving the education system of the college and other reform works. The college authorities were impressed by his dedication, diligence and activity and paid his monthly salary
Instead of 150 taka, he gave 300 taka.
During this time he also has to carry the responsibility of school inspector as an additional job.
Vidyasagar had to travel from village to village to perform his duties as a school inspector. Sometimes on foot and sometimes on a bird. At this time, he felt very saddened by witnessing the illiteracy and superstition of the people in the villages
To improve the education of the villagers, he established twenty schools in different parts of the country within two months.
Women’s education was very neglected at that time. Vidyasagar understood that proper education of women is necessary for the development of women and the development of society.
It was through his tireless efforts that the first schools for girls were established in villages in Bengal. Seeing Vidyasagar’s enthusiasm and hard work, Bengal’s younger brother Federer Halliday was impressed and praised Vidyasagar six times.
1854 AD Fort William College went up and Board of Examiners was established there. Vidyasagar was signed by the board. During this time, Vidyasagar was given the post of Assistant Inspector of Schools in the southern part of Bangladesh at the behest of Frederick Hallid. He had to do this along with the duties of Principal of the Sanskrit College.
A school called the Calcutta Training School was established in Madhya Calcutta on the initiative of Vidyasagar and the efforts of a few intellectuals. Vidyasagar was a member of the board of directors of this educational institution. He became an editor in the room.
1864 AD The name of the school was changed to Hindu Metropolitan Institution. Later the name of this institution is Mahavidyalaya.
Along with educational reforms, Vidyasagar also started social reforms. He took the vow of life to redeem the misery of women. Due to his tireless efforts, the Widow-Marriage Act was enacted on 26th July 1856 AD.
While doing this work, he had to struggle hard with the conservative community of the society. He set a precedent for the reality of this law by marrying a widow with his own son.
Child marriage and polygamy in the society is the result of Vidyasagar’s tireless efforts
etc. evil practices are stopped.
Vidyasagar is called the father of Bengali prose. Rabindranath himself awarded him this title. He translated many books from Sanskrit, Hindi and English. Among the translated books, the stories of Sita’s Banvas, Bhrantivilas, Betal Panchish and Kathamala are particularly noteworthy.
Apart from this, his books Varna Idya, Bodhodaya and Akhyanmanjari are still considered essential in the foundation of education.
In recognition of his long and varied career, Vidyasagar was elected a Fellow of the Royal Asiatic Society of England in 1864 AD. 1880 AD Government of India honored him with the title of C.I.E.
Vidyasagar’s health broke down due to hard work. So he spent the rest of his life in internal affairs of Bihar. He was fascinated by the unpretentious and simple way of life of the Santals. He saw their neglected condition
established a school for This great man transmigrated on July 29, 1891 AD.