Kaliprasanna Singha

Kaliprasanna Singha


Kaliprasanna, one of the pioneers of the renaissance of Bengal in the nineteenth century, was born in 1840 A.D. to a famous zamindar family in the Jorasanko area of ​​Kolkata. His father’s name is Lal Singh. Kali Prasanna was exceptionally talented from childhood. The boy’s mother implied he was the brother. At the end of the day, the effect of getting admission in Hindu college to gain knowledge in various languages ​​and subjects is complete could not However, incomplete college studies were completed by an English tutor.

He founded Vidyotsahini Sabha at the age of 13 in association with learned friends. The main aim of establishing this meeting was the all-round welfare of the country. Therefore, the main topic of discussion of civilized people was various problems of language, literature and society.


The bigotry and superstitions of the orthodox society tormented him. Published with the aim of spreading education and progressive thinking among the people of the country. The mouthpiece of the meeting Vidyotsahini Patrika (1855 AD). The next year he built Vidyotsahini Theater.


In fact, it was through these initiatives that Kaliprasal appeared in the cultural life of Bengal. With the aim of promoting and improving education, later magazines such as Sarvatattva Pravemika, Bividartha Samhain and Paridarsak etc. were published under his editorship. Zoology, geology, art, literature and society were the main subjects of these magazines. Based on the oppression of Nilkar sahibs and the plight of helpless farmers in the country. Rai Bahadur Deenbandhu Mitra composed the play Nil Darpan, 1860 AD. This drama created history in many ways.


TAT translated into English. Published in book form by Padri Long Sahib. Who is the organ of the British government for this?


Had to be fined. The fine of Kaliprasanna Long Saheb, inspired by the national spirit, is a thousand rupees submitted to the court.


Samaj philanthropist Kali Prasanna also helped editor Harish Mukhopadhyay of Hindu Patriot and his family, Shambuchandra Mukherjee of Mukherjee’s magazine, teachers Richardson and Lawsah at various times.


He was a leader in the promotion of widow marriage introduced by Vidyasagar


Enthusiastic supporter. He announced the award for popularizing widow marriage. Vidyasagar is a nationwide movement to stop child marriage and polygamy


Kali Prasanna actively participated in the initiative.


He entered the field of literature mainly through drama writing. Babu drama written by him was published in 1854 AD. In the next three years Vikramorvashi, Savitri Satyavan and Maltimadhava were published. A satire on the bad taste of the Babu community and the flawed aspects of the general social system.

Wrote the satirical work Hutom Pachhar Nakhsa (1862 AD). Hutom Paccha was his nickname.


This book is memorable from many aspects. This book was the first step towards the introduction of the spoken language in literature, especially the Sanskrit word Kontakt language, and is therefore remembered in Bengali literature.


Kali Prasanna Singh’s greatest achievement in his life was to translate the original Sanskrit Mahabharata into Bengali and publish it at his own expense. He encouraged him in this great work. Vidyasagar himself. Under his supervision and with the help of Hemachandra Bhattacharya, Bhuvanchandra Mukhopadhyay, Navinkrishna Bandyopadhyay etc., Kaliprasanna performed this laborious and difficult task.


What Kaliprasanna did in a very short life inspires wonder. In contemporary times, he was able to create a great stir in language, literature and social life.


He was appointed Honorary Magistrate and Justice of the Peace by the Government. Kaliprasanna passed away on 24th July 1870 AD at the age of only thirty years.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.