Kazi Nazrul Islam

Kazi Nazrul Islam

Prominent poet, lyricist and writer of Bengali literature, his establishment and recognition is mainly as a rebel poet.


Nazrul, the 11th, was born on 24 May 1900, Bengal 1306, in Churulia village of Burdwan district. His father Qazi Fakir Ahmad was a pious and honest person. But poverty was his constant companion.


Born in this poor family, Nazrul had the opportunity to witness the real form of unequal system of society with the poor from his childhood. It was at this time that a rebellious spirit was born in the depths of his mind and with this attitude he fought like a soldier against all irregularities, chaos, exploitation, oppression and mismanagement throughout his life.


As a child, Nazrul got a little education in the village school. Along with Bengali, he learned Arabic and Persian at this time. Nazrul was attracted to the rural poets of Churulia in his childhood. He himself

He won the praise of the villagers by composing poetry by word of mouth.


At the age of 13-14, Nazrul captivated the audience by singing Urdu ghazals. At an early age, Leto composed Chashaar Song Shakuni Badh Palagan for the Leto team.

Nazrul was very aloof in his childhood. It was against his nature to be rigid. Freed from school life, he ran away to Rani Ganj. He worked for a few days in a bread shop for a salary of five taka.

From there, his school life started again with the help of a kind-hearted policeman


is When he was a 10th standard student, World War I started. On the call of patriotism, Nazrul joined the Bengali platoon No. 49 in 1914 as a soldier.

He had to go to Karachi with the army. Nazrul’s soldier life began, along with his poet’s life.


Some of the Rubai’s of Diwan-i-Hafez were translated into Bengali in Karachi Cantonment. The stories in Rikter Bedan Book are also written while sitting on the shores of the Arabian Sea. Songs and stories came out of Nazrul’s pen in many genres at that time. He used to send those writings to different newspapers and magazines of Bangladesh.


Habildar Kazi Nazrul Islam used to write at the end of the essays written on the battlefield. As a result, he was known as Habilda Kavi in ​​his early life. Since then, the autobiography of Boundul written by Nazrul in Sawagat newspaper has a lot of impression of his life.


The name of Nazrul’s poem published in first printed letters, Mukti, 1326 Bangla Sane, 1919 was printed in Bengali Muslim literature magazine in Shravan number. In the same year, a translation of one of Hafez’s Rubaiyat was published in the Paush issue of the elite newspaper of that time.


In the same year, the Bengali Muslim literary magazine published the story of Painar Daan and Hena. Nazrul’s sense of patriotism and internationalism can be found in these two love stories.


When the 49th Bengali Battalion was disbanded in March-April 1919, Nazrul came to Calcutta. New momentum was transmitted to Nazrul’s poetry.


Nazrul’s fame as a poet spread with the publication of rebellious poetry. As a rebel poet, he received spontaneous congratulations from the countrymen.

16th of 1923 AD after the publication of the article titled May Bhukha Hun in Dhumketu newspaper.


In January, Nazrul was sentenced to one year rigorous imprisonment on charges of treason. In October 1923, Nazrul’s famous book Agniveena was published. Shilpacharya Abanindranath Tagore painted the cover of this book.


Rebel Nazrul started a hunger strike in Hooghly Jail to protest against the brutal treatment of jail authorities during his imprisonment. During this period the famous song ‘Ee Shikal Para Chhal’ was included

He used to compose Bhangar songs, Sevak, Maranavaran songs and set fire to the lives of the prisoners by singing them at the top of their lungs.


The news of Nazrul’s hunger strike spread public anger against the British government all over the country. World poet Rabindranath telegraphed from Shillong, “Give up hunger strike, our literature claims you.” Jail authorities did not hand over that and other patriots failed. After forty-nine days of hunger strike, public opinion pressured. And with Rabindranath’s intervention, the British government promised to accept the demands of the prisoners.Nazrul broke his forty-day hunger strike.


On 24th April 1924, Baishakh, 1331 AD, Nazrul got married to Pramila Sengupta. Bisher Banshi was published in the same year. In 1925, the poet first met Mahatma Gandhi at the Congress Provincial Conference in Faridpur. Gandhiji was impressed by listening to the ‘charka song’ in the poet’s voice.


Nazrul’s literary pursuits were unceasing despite constant struggle with poverty. He enriched the literature of Bengal by writing poems, songs, essays one after another.


1926 AD Communal riots started in Calcutta. At that time the poet was in Krishnanagar. Kandari wrote a warning. This song was sung at the Congress Provincial Conference in Krishnanagar. At the conference of Deshbandhu’s Swaraj Party, the poet wrote and sang ‘Othre Chashi Jagatvasi Dhar Kose Langal’.


20th century. He has established himself in the life of the nation as a shining symbol of the struggle to establish the rights of fearlessness and justice in poetry, songs, essays, his liberal lifestyle.


1945 AD Calcutta University honored Nazrul with Jagattarini Padak award. 1960 AD Government of India awarded Padma Bhushan.


The identity of Nazrul Islam, a valuable lyrical poet, composer and composer of numerous songs, has been revealed in a speech of his own. Bengali 1347, in the fourth month of the Bengali Muslim Literary Society’s silver jubilee session, he said, “I suffered, I accepted the injury with a smile but I did not insult the soul. I never gave up my freedom. Balbi’s ever-elevated mam shir—I got that from my feeling.”

1928 AD Nazrul got a job in British Gramophone Company. First he became a singing trainer and later a composer. The number of songs composed by him is more than three thousand. His own style of music is known as Nazrul Giti.


Nazrul was associated with Bengali films from the beginning of Sabak films. Along with the music composition of films like Dhruva, Vidyapati, Sapude, he also composed the story

did 1939 AD Nazrul-Zaya Pramila became paralyzed due to paralysis. A few years later


1942 A.D. The poet himself lost his senses due to paralysis and became silent. 1953 A.D. Nazrul was sent to Europe for medical treatment. 1972 AD Bangabandhu Mujibur Rahman took the poet to Bangladesh and arranged for treatment. But it is the misfortune of the nation that the silent poet has not regained his voice.


Government of Bangladesh honored Nazrul with Ekushey Padak on Martyr’s Day 1975 AD. On June 29, 1976, the eternal rebel Nazrul breathed his last in Dhaka. He was buried there with state honors.

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