Mahakabi Kalidasa

Mahakabi Kalidasa

 

Among the ancient poets of India, poet Kalidasa is named after Valmiki and Vedavyas.

Today, the scholars of the East and the West also agree that the great poet Kalidasa deserves a place in the first row among all the poets who have appeared in all the countries of the world. It is Kalidasa’s poetry that has earned him this rare glory.

Unfortunately, little is known about Kalidasa’s personal life and his times. There are many folklore stories about Kalidasa in India. But it is not considered reasonable to know the life story of a person depending only on folklore.

The stories about Kalidasa convey an idea that he developed his talent as a poet through his own efforts from a state of total ignorance.

Kalidasa lived near the city of Ujjain on the banks of the Shipra river. His wisdom was such that he would climb the tree in search of wood and start cutting the root of the branch on which he sat.

He didn’t even have the slightest sense that he too would fall to the ground with the cut branch.

However, this Kalidasa happened to be married to a strange princess. But on the wedding night itself, the princess found out about her husband’s folly. In the morning he insulted Kalidasa and chased him away.

Needless to say, Kalidasa was deeply saddened by his foolish but insulting wife. He came out of the palace and sat by the river.

Girls come to get water at the stone-built ghats of the river. The day has just begun. The movement of village girls has started at the Ghat. Kalidas noticed that a rock had decayed on the edge of the ghat. The girls take the water and put the pitcher on the stone once before lifting it in their arms. The pitcher turned to stone at the slightest touch.

This scene made Kalidas realize. He suddenly felt that if he tried, he too could change his condition. Today, he has to be humiliated and expelled because he does not have knowledge. It is not impossible for him to acquire knowledge if he tries from now on.

Since then, Kalidasa became a devotee of education. And by long hours of hard work, single-minded devotion and perseverance, he acquired knowledge of Ramayana, Mahabharata, other Puranas, rhymes, ornaments etc.

That period is notable in Sanskrit literature outside of the Ramayana and the Mahabharata

The poem was not written.

Kalidasa decided that he would compose poetry. In that way, his latent poetic genius awakened.

After that, one by one, experiences were created from his pen in a rhythm like poetry

Shakuntalam, Raghuvansam, Kumarasambhavam, Meghadootam etc. are excellent compositions. All these are nothing but rumors. But only one rumor is to scholars. considered acceptable. That is, Kalidasa was a distinguished poet of the royal court of Vikramaditya.

It is this tenuous formula which has become the chief aid in determining the life span of Kalidasa. Indians believe that Kalidasa was present during the reign of Vikramaditya around 57 BC.

But the problem is, historians have not found any Vikramaditya at that time. But according to folklore, one of the jewels of Emperor Vikramaditya’s Navratna Sabha was Mahakabi Kalidasa.

Shakari who is famous as Shakari Vikramaditya in Indian history is Shaka

Shakari took the name after repelling the invaders in 544 AD. Three began his six hundred years earlier period and established Vikramabad in India under his own name.

This opinion of some historian did not last. Why not, in the fifth century Western India was part of the Gupta Empire. So the question of expulsion of the Huns in the sixth century is absurd.

It was not Vikramaditya who drove the Huns out of India at the beginning of this century. His name is Yashovarman Vishnuvarman.

Scholars believe that the greatest prosperity of the Gupta era was possible during the reign of Samudragupta’s son Chandragupta II (380-413 AD). This is him

Vikramaditya assumed the title and shifted the capital from Pataliputra to Ujjain.

Mahakabi Kalidasa was the poet of this Vikramaditya. He is probably:

Vikramaditya’s son Kumaragupta (413-855 AD) and his son Skandagupta

Kal was also present.

Ancient Indian literature was written in Sanskrit language. Works of Mahakabi Kalidasa

Poetry, lyric and drama of Sanskrit literature nourished and enriched all these three genres. He wrote the epics Kumarasambhava and Raghuvamsa, the lyrical poem Meghdoot and the dramas Abhijanan Shakunthalam, Malvikagnimitra and Vikramorvashi.

Another lyrical anthology is generally accepted as his work, but some disagree.

There are also some books not authored by Kalidasa but published under his name, such as Nalodaya, Pushpavanavilas, Sringartilaka, Chidgaganchandrika, Bhramrashtaka, Srutabodh, Sringarsara, Mangalashtaka etc.

Ancient India’s civilization and culture, the ruling system of kings and even precise geographical descriptions of different places can be found in the various works of Kalidasa. The incomparable similes used in his works are also indicative of his achievements. Hence Kalidasa has been praised by scholars at home and abroad.

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