Saratchandra Chatterjee

Saratchandra Chatterjee

He is known as Amar Katha Shilpi in Bengali and Indian literature and is one of the best fiction writers of modern Bengali literature. The popularity of his stories and novels is unparalleled. For the past fifty years, the popularity and respect of his novels have been declining.


He depicted the defects of the society of that time, lawlessness, superstition, hypocrisy like a skilled painter in his literature. He masterfully kept himself hidden and hinted at the changes in the social system.


In simple and simple language, in an inimitable manner, he has been able to highlight the complex cycle of sorrows, lacks, grievances, thoughts and thoughts of various characters of the society very effectively.

Especially the love, compassion, simplicity and innocence of the women, their emotions, emotions, pain, pain, crookedness, the injustice of the male-dominated society towards them, torture, in one word, the overall form of the most neglected women’s society of that time, he has expressed with deep compassion and sympathy. His speech and allusions to the poverty and poverty of the society are still relevant today. Saratchandra was born in Devanandpur village of Hooghly district. Father Motilal Chattopadhyay was a lover of literature, he was also known for his scholarship. But unstable nature

For all his qualities are wasted.


This man of indifferent nature was also indifferent to the world, as a result of which poverty was his constant companion. It was mainly for this reason that Saratchandra was allowed to stay at Matulalay in Bhagalpur as a teenager.


Talking about himself and his family, Saratchandra later wrote, ‘My childhood and youth were spent in abject poverty. Due to lack of money, I was not fortunate enough to get an education. I inherited nothing from my father except a restless nature and a deep love for literature. Parentage was the first trait that made me leave home—I traveled all over India at a young age. And as a result of the second quality of the father, I became full of life and only dreamed.


My father’s knowledge was immense. Short stories, novels, dramas, poems — in a word, he dabbled in all categories of literature. But could not finish any.’


It is known from his writings that at a young age he was able to come in contact with different classes of people in different parts of the country. He got to know the news of their grief which became the path of his literary works later in life.

He spent his youth and youth in Bhagalpur. His life here is known from his famous novel Srikanta.


Sarat Chandra passed the entrance exam in 1894 A.D. despite suffering. Despite getting admission in college, he was forced to drop out due to lack of money. Having a deep interest in education, he once indulged in literary writing. He started writing stories at the age of seventeen.

He became famous by acting in plays with his friends in Bhagalpur.


After his father’s death, he worked for a while to earn money. Later in 1903 AD he moved to Brahmadesh in search of fortune.

In Rangoon he took a job in the Accountant General’s office and continued to live there.

Expatriate life was varied. He got married here. But incurable plague causes premature castration.


During his stay in Brahmadesh, he became interested in writing literature. Ram’s Sumati was first published in Calcutta’s Jamuna Patrika. In 1319-20 Bangabd, two more novels of his, Patha-Khidra and Bindu’s Boy, were published consecutively in this magazine. These writings of his have aroused the response of the reading society.

In the next two years the famous Bharatvarsha newspaper Viraj Bau, Panditamshai,

Pallisamaj was published successively.


As soon as the first work was published, there was a stir among the readers. The novel published in India established him in the field of Bengali literature. After that he took literature as a means of earning a living and returned to Calcutta in 1916 AD and devoted himself completely to literary writing.


Saratchandra lived for some time in Baje Shivpur area near Calcutta. From 1919 A.D. he started living in Panitras village of Howrah district. He also built a house in Calcutta in his later life and lives there.

Saratchandra’s first printed story is called Mandir. He is excited for this story

Awarded in 1309 Bangabd.


The novel Baradidi was his first published book. He also wrote some articles under a pseudonym. Jamuna Patrika published the writings of women under the pseudonym Anila Devi, The Value of Women, Kankata, Guru-Shishya-Sambad etc. Articles on politics are also published in various periodicals. Tarun Rebellion is his notable political work.


Saratchandra was also indirectly involved with the Swadeshi movement. He was openly associated with various political movements. He became the President of the Howrah District Congress Committee. Later, he withdrew from the political arena after being disillusioned.


During the Swadeshi era, his novel entitled “The Claim of Path” created a stir across the country. The novel was seized by the British government in 1925 AD, accusing it of being a supporter of Bengali revolutionism.


Saratchandra’s popularity became proverbial during his lifetime. People from all walks of life were interested in his books. Literature gave him money, fame and honor.

He received many honors for his outstanding literary work. 1923 AD Calcutta University honored him with Jagatarini Medal. 1936 A.D. He received D.Litt from Dhaka University. 1934 AD became a member of the Bengali Sahitya Parishad.

Saratchandra used to give Rabindranath the status of guru in the field of literature. Rabindranath novel

Jayamalya gave Saratchandra literature. 1938 A.D. Amar Katha artiste Saratchandra passed away.

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