Literary, painter and internationally renowned filmmaker Satyajit Ray was born on May 2, 1921 AD in the Zamindar clan of Masua, Mymensingh. His father Sukumar Roy, mother Suprabhadevi, is a creator of Bengali children’s literature.
Like the Jorasanko Tagore family of Calcutta, the Roy Chowdhury family of Mosua is also remembered for their special contribution to the literature and culture of Bengal.
Upendrakishore Roy Chowdhury was a child writer, musician, painter and instrumentalist of this family. Satyajit was his grandson. Losing his father when he was only two and a half years old, Satyajit lived in his uncle’s house from the age of six with his mother Suprabhadevi. Education begins with mother.
For the needs of the family, Suprabhadevi was once in the Vidyasagar Banibhavan Vidyashram sewing also had to be done.
Oscar-winning film director Satyajit saw his first talkie film in 1929 AD. The name of the film is Tarzan the Apeman. The names of Ben Hur, Count of Montecristo, Thief of Bagdad, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, etc., which he had seen earlier, were in his mind even at a mature age.
At the age of ten, he was admitted to Ballygunge High School in the fifth class, i.e. class six as of now. After passing matric from here, BA with Honors in Economics from Presidency College. Passed in 1938 AD.
Satyajit inherited his talent for art and literature from his father and grandfather. West listening to home collection records while at school be initiated into music. Being a child of a Brahmo family, he also developed a passion for Brahmo music, Rabindra music and Indian music.
The practice of painting was from childhood. After passing his B.A., he was admitted to Rabindranath’s Shantiniketan for art education. But as the environment here was not pleasing for the modern-minded Satyajit, he continued his education in Calcutta. come
In April 1940 AD, he joined British advertising company DJ Kimmer as a junior visualizer. It was during this time that he began illustrating book covers for the Signet Press publishing company. His first illustrations were published in the children’s magazine Maucha.
At this time he also acquired skills in calligraphy. The Roman type series was later recognized as his special contribution to the alphabet. Within a few years, he was promoted to the position of art director of an advertising agency. Resigned from this job in 1956 AD after the success of his first film Pather Panchali.
Pather Panchali directed by Satyajit Ray was first shown in New York in April 1955 AD. Released in Calcutta on 26th August of the same year. The film won the President’s Gold and Silver Medals that year.
1956 AD won the award for Best Human Document at the Cannes Film Festival. After that till 1966 AD Pather Panchali was awarded and honored in various film festivals of the world.
Since then the triumph of filmmaker Satyajit began. Almost all the films he directed showed a wonderful expression of his creative talent which was rare in any other Indian film.
In fact, Satyajit revolutionized Indian cinema. Notable films directed by him are Aparajit, Apur Sansara, Jalsaghar, Kanchenjungha, Abhiyan, Mahanagar, Charulata and Last Side Gharabaire, Ganasatru, Shakhaprashakha, Agantuk etc.
1977 A.D. directed the first Hindi film Shatanrajke Khiladi. His documentaries are Rabindranath, Sikkim, Sukumar Roy, Bala, Inner Eye etc.
In 1960 AD Satyajit Roy along with poet Subhash Mukhopadhyay re-published his grandfather’s and father’s beloved Sandesh magazine. Along with editing and embellishment, he also started writing himself. This is how one is created. Feluda, Tapashe, Jatayu, Professor Shanku are some of the favorite literary characters of Bengali children and teenagers.
Papangul is his first work based on the rhymes of Lear. 1969 AD Badshahi Angi was published. From then till 1991 AD his last book Naina Rahasya was published
Satyajit gained appreciation and recognition in the literary circles for his unique story-telling qualities. Some of the notable books written by him are Professor Shankur’s Kandakarkhana, Sonarkella, Baxrahasya, Jayababa Fallunath, Gorasthane Savadhan, Jat Kanda Kathmandu, Kirtiklap of Tarini Khuro, Darjeeling Jamzamat etc.
1967 AD Professor Shanku won the Akademi Award as the best children’s book of the year. He also received more honors and awards as a writer.
As a filmmaker, Satyajit received many awards in the country and abroad and an honorary D.Litt degree from the university. Awarded Desikottam honor by Visva Bharati and Bharat Ratna by Government of India.
French President Francois Mitte’s visit to Calcutta is the highest honor of France
Awarded the Gold Medal of the Légion d’Or. Oscar is the highest award of the film industry gained in 1992 AD.
1992 AD Satyajit Ray passed away in Calcutta on 23rd April.