Satyendranath is one of the few poets who emerged in the field of modern Bengali poetry at a time when the sky of Bengali poetry was shining in the light of Rabindra Pratibha, who has been remembered in the history of literature with the light of his talent. For this reason, the topic of Satyendranath is inevitably raised in the discussion of Bengali poetry after Rabindranath.
Five poets stayed in Rabindrabalaya in their own rhythm, radiant with the sun’s rays in the radiant noon-hour of Rabindra’s talent. They are Satyendranath Dutta, Karunanidhan Bandyopadhyay, Kumudaranjan Mallick, Jatindramohan Bagchi and Kalidas Roy.
Satyendranath was completely free from Rabindra influence even though he stayed in the Rabindra circle. Here lies the characteristic of Satyendranath. Satyendranath in realistic painting, in the subject-variety of beauty, in the jingle of words,
His poetry has a unique atmosphere in elegance of rhythm and tradition of elegant taste was able to build
Admitting Rabindranath, this is why Satyendranath is a Rabindra-influenced poet, undoubtedly the most popular poet among contemporary poets after Rabindranath.
Satyendranath was born on 12th January 1882 AD, Bengal 1288 year, 30th
magh He was born in Matulaloy in Nimta village of Twenty Four Parganas district. Ancestral residence was in Chupigram of Burdwan district.
Satyendranath’s father’s name is Rajnimadhava Dutta, mother’s name is Mahamaya Devi. His grandfather, the famous writer Akshay Kumar Dutta, was a contemporary of Vidyasagar.
On the one hand grandfather Akshay Kumar on the other side Rabindranath – Satyendranath’s poetic talent on both horizons of these two gifted minds. But the closest person was undoubtedly Akshay Kumar. Satyendranath became a Pathanuragi since his childhood in the Saraswat family environment. He was more enthusiastic about reading extracurricular books.
In 1899 AD, Satyendranath passed the second division entrance examination from Central Collegiate School, North Calcutta.
Now called Scottish Church College, formerly known as General Assemblies. Satyendranath passed the FA examination in 1901 AD from this college and was admitted to the BA class.
1903 AD Satyendranath got married before sitting the BA examination. After failing in the examination, his studies in the college ended. Even though academic studies are stopped, he is addicted to studies
The world of learning is forever endless. He became a book on various subjects
This is how Satyendranath’s wealth of knowledge grew day by day. Collected are the multi-colored upacharas of his uninterrupted poetic pursuits.
In this context, Mohitlal said at one place, “… So both Prakriti Chitrashala and Panditya Punthishala were equal shelters for him. It was the hunger to know and the joy of knowing—mainly driven by these two that he worshiped Saraswati.”
Satyendranath’s father Rajninath wanted his son to become a great doctor in homeopathy. But his father’s desire was not fulfilled in his life. With the encouragement of his uncle, Satyendranath started the import-export business.
But why will the Sahitya Anurag who flows in his veins be satisfied in the pursuit of commercial Lakshmi? He had to return to his home soon. He devoted himself fully to literary pursuits.
1900 AD when F.A. Class student, it was during that time that Satyendranath’s first book of poetry, Savita, was published. From that first poetry book, Bengali poets got the taste of something new. Rabindranath’s blessings were not delayed. Rabindranath was impressed by the wonderful art of rhythm in his poetry and awarded him the title of Magician of Rhythm. Since then Satyendranath’s poetry books were published one after another.
Satyendranath’s lifetime saw the publication of Savita, Sandhikshana, Homashikha, Tirthasalil, Benu and Veena, Tirtherenu, Flower Crops, Kuhu and Keka, Tulir Likhan, Manimanjusha, Avra-Abir and Hasantika.
After his death, the song of the late night and the farewell aarti were released.
In 1905 AD, Satyendranath associated himself with the all-out movement that started in the entire country of Bengal in strong opposition to Lord Curzon’s decision to partition Bengal. But the pace of his poetry continued. That Weather adds to the variety of themes in his poetry another rich vein, that of patriotism.
Most of Satyendranath’s patriotic poems were composed during this period. Satyendranath came with a very short life. He passed away on June 25th, 1922 A.D. at the age of forty-one, before the full development of his genius.
Satyendranath’s poetry is sixteen in number. At one time he also dabbled in writing novels and plays. The first novel Janmadukhi was published in 1912 AD. This is a Bengali translation of a Norwegian novel. A mini-drama of two plays, the smoke of incense. Some foreign plays
His second drama Rangamalli was published with translation. Besides Satyendranath
A brilliant signature of mindfulness can be found in his treatise Chinese Incense. The popularity of Satyendranath’s poetry was due to the catchy appeal of rhyme and the imagery of the real world.