Shivnath Shastri

Shivnath Shastri

 

Shivnath Shastri, remembered as an eminent literary scholar, philanthropist and political organizer, was born on January 31, 1847 AD, in Mojilpur of the Twenty-four Parganas district. His father’s name is Harananda Bhattacharya.

 

First educated in Sanskrit Collegiate School and later in Sanskrit College. 1872 AD Sanskrit M. A. Passed and got the title of Shastri.

 

The time was mid-nineteenth century. The young society of that era was inspired by new consciousness and new emotions and created a stir in the society. The combination of patriotism on the one hand and Western rationalism on the other led to a wave of radical change in the conservative society. Brahma Dharma led this movement. Shivanath also while studying in college. Joined Brahmo Samaj and social reform works.

During this time he was active against child marriage and in favor of widow marriage Joined.

Born in an orthodox Hindu Brahmin family. But he gradually became disgusted with the so-called religion, with all the superstitions and rituals prevailing among the Hindus of that time.

 

Soon (1869 A.D.) he took initiation into Brahmanism, renounced Upavit and severed ties with idolatry forever. As a result, he had to displease his father.

 

The main objectives of the reform movement which was started under the leadership of Kesavachandra were education, promotion of accessible literature and technical knowledge and abstinence from alcoholism. Shivnath joined Keshav Chandra’s Indian Reforms Association and published a monthly magazine called Mad Na Garal.

 

She was also a major supporter of Keshav Chandra’s women’s liberation movement. As a result of this movement, later (1872 AD) the minimum age of marriage for girls was legalized at fourteen.

 

When he disagreed with Keshav Chandra on the issue of higher education for women, he formed a revolutionary association with some young people. The constitution of the association was drawn up with nationalistic and social reformist education and plans for state independence in mind.

 

Anandmohan Bose, Surendranath Bandyopadhyay and others joined this secret society.

 

The main programs of the Gupta Samiti were rejection of caste system, denial of government jobs, establishment of social and political solidarity and equality throughout India, establishment of equal rights of men and women in the society etc. Horse riding and gunnery lessons were also included in the programme.

 

During this time Shivnath published a social novel called Jugantar. The daily Yugantar newspaper was named after this name later i.e. 1907 AD.

 

1874 A.D. Shivanath first joined the South Suburban School at Bhavanipur as Headmaster. In 1876 AD he left this job and joined the Haare School as a Sanskrit teacher.

 

But after joining the social reform work and the Brahmo Samaj, he soon became disillusioned with the government job. Besides, the program adopted by the Gupta Samiti made it necessary to leave the job. He left the service in 1878 AD.

After a disagreement with Keshavchandra, the general Brahmo society was established under the leadership of Shivnath in this year. Through him, he devoted himself to the work of social reform with all his strength. He traveled to different parts of India for missionary purposes.

 

For the purpose of spreading education, Surendranath Bandyopadhyay and Anandmohan Bose established the City School in 1879 AD. Besides, a democratic student organization named Students Society was formed under his leadership to organize political movement in a democratic manner.

 

The first monthly magazine in India for teenagers was published by the common Brahmo society. The name of this newspaper was Sakha. This magazine was published in 1883 AD with the enthusiasm and initiative of Shivanath.

 

1888 AD Shivnath went abroad for six months for the purpose of propagating Brahminism. The casteism, discipline and various virtues of the English character attracted him.

 

Keeping these qualities in mind, he prepared the procedures of his established Sadhanasram.

 

Social reformer Shivnath’s main identity is as a poet, literary and journalist. His famous informative books are Atmacharit and Ramtanu Lahiri and the then Bengal society.

 

He gained great fame as an essayist. Other books written by him—Himadrikusum, Lament of the Exile, Nayantara, Widow’s Son, Dharmajivan, Rammohan Roy, History of Brahmo Samaj, Men I have seen etc.

 

The English translation of the novel Mejbau written by Shivnath was published in the Indian National journal of England.

 

He used to edit Mukul magazine published in 1895 AD. On 30th September 1919 Shivnath Shastri was converted.

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