Tara Shankar Banerjee
Tarashankar Banerjee is one of the greatest modern novelists. He was born in 1305 Bangabd (1898 AD) in Lovepur village of Birbhum district in a small zamindar family. Father’s name is Haridas Bandyopadhyay, mother Prabhavati Devi.
Passed the entrance examination in 1915-16 AD from High English School of Lovepur village. It was at this time that he got married to Umashashi Devi of his village is after marriage, Tarashankar came to Calcutta to study. Studied first at St. Xavier’s College and later at South Suburban College (now Ashutosh College).
At this time Gandhiji joined the non-cooperation movement. For this crime he has to stay in his village. As a result, studies stopped.
To earn a living, he traded in coal for some time in Calcutta. Later he went to Kanpur with a job. It was at this time that his journey in Bengali literature began. 1926 A.D. First book of poetry was published.
Although he started with poetry, he transitioned into the world of drama within a short period of time. Composed the play Maratha-Tarpan. Around the same time, the Kallol newspaper published the Raskali story.
Meanwhile, when civil disobedience started across the country, Tarashankar, motivated by patriotism, joined the movement and was imprisoned in 1930 AD. The next year, he came out of jail and took the vow of service to the country through literary pursuits.
Uninterrupted literary practice started from that. Important literary papers of the country such as Kallol, Kalikalam, Upasana, Bangasree, Saturday letter, Pravasi, Desh, Bharatvarsh, Vasumathi, Idya, etc. continue to publish regularly. Tarashankar is recognized as one of the best novelists of modern Bengali literature since his lifelong pursuit of literature.
Tarashankar’s love for literature is mixed with his personal experience. Birbhum’s red soil and its people have been presented in Bengali literature with masterful skill.
As a child of a zamindar family, he has experienced the decadent life of zamindars it is connected with the life experience of common people especially regional people
Therefore, his work created a new dimension in Bengali literature. This is the result Ganadevata, Manvantara, Hansulibank’s fable, Dak Harakara, Arogya can be seen.
In excellent works like Niketan, Kavi, Kirtihat’s Karcha etc. Tarashankar’s main body of literature covers the Vedas, Patua, Malakar,
Rural characters like Lathial, Chowkidar, Dak Harkara etc. Also special place got India’s freedom movement, world war fratricidal riots, partition,
Deplorable deterioration of economic structure and social conditions, economic inequality incidents such as proliferation, youth anger, unrest, rebellion etc.
Many of Tarashankar’s stories and novels have been successfully adapted into films and plays. made a profit Kalindi, Doi Purusha, Arogya Niketan, Kavi etc. are notable in this respect. He himself gave the dramatization of Kalindi. The songs composed by his poet novels bear the identity of his poetic talent. He also composed some idealistic and ethical poems in rhymed verse.
In need of money, he recently wrote a journalist’s pen in a daily newspaper. He also painted some pictures in his late age.
Sarat Smriti Award and Jagattarini Medal of Calcutta University, Rabindra Award, Sahitya Akademi Award, Padma Shri, Padma Bhushan Award and Jnanpeeth Sahitya Award are brilliant recognition of his literary career.
1952 AD Tarashankar became a member of the Legislative Council. 1955 AD He traveled to China as a member of the Indian cultural delegation. 1957 AD Joined Tashkent as a representative of Asian writers and visited Moscow. He was the president of Bangiya Sahitya Parishad.
He passed away in 1971 AD.